General Health

How to diagnose and treat back pain in the horse.
Allen, A.K., Johns, S., Hyman, S.S., Sislak, M.D., Davis, S. and Amory, J., 2010. In AAEP Proceedings (pp. 384-388).

Break point of serum creatine kinase release after endurance exercise.
Totsuka, M., Nakaji, S., Suzuki, K., Sugawara, K. and Sato, K., 2002. Journal of Applied Physiology, 93(4), pp.1280-1286.

Effect of exercise on physiological, blood and endocrine parameters in search and rescue-trained dogs.
Rovira, S., Munoz, A. and Benito, M., 2008. VETERINARNI MEDICINA-PRAHA-, 53(6), p.333.

Haematological response to different workload in jumper horses.
Piccione, G., Giannetto, C., Fazio, F., Di Mauro, S. and Caola, G., 2007. Bulg J Vet Med, 10(1), pp.21-28.

A pharmaceutical excipients with therapeutic behaviours.
Patel, H.R., Patel, R.P. and Patel, M.M., 2009. Poloxamers: International Journal of PharmTech Research, 1(2), pp.299-303.

Muscle disorders.
Nancy S. Loving DVM

Glucocorticoid therapy: pharmacology, indications, and complications.
Behrend, E.N. and Kemppainen, R.J., 1997. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 27(2), pp.187-213.

The oxidant/antioxidant equilibrium in horses.
Kirschvink, N., de Moffarts, B. and Lekeux, P., 2008. The Veterinary Journal, 177(2), pp.178-191.

DART, A., 2005. Advances in Equine Nutrition III, 3, p.349.

Effects of acepromazine on the stress response in Southern chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica) captured by means of drive-nets.
López-Olvera, J.R., Marco, I., Montané, J., Casas-Díaz, E. and Lavín, S., 2007. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, 71(1), pp.41-51.

Monoamine oxidase active site; the binding to and titration of monoamine oxidase with (14C)-selective inhibitors.
Youdim, M.B., 1976. Proceedings:.British journal of pharmacology, 56(3), p.375P.

Influence of etorphine acepromazine and diprenorphine on respiratory function in ponies
Hillidge, C.J. and Lees, P., 1975. Proceedings:. British journal of pharmacology, 55(2), p.269P.

Hypotension in the horse induced by acepromazine maleate.
Parry, B.W., Anderson, G.A. and Gay, C.C., 1982. Australian veterinary journal, 59(5), pp.148-152.

Sedative and cardiopulmonary effects of acepromazine, midazolam, butorphanol, acepromazine-butorphanol and midazolam-butorphanol on propofol anaesthesia in goats.
.Dzikiti, T.B., Stegmann, G.F., Hellebrekers, L.J., Auer, R.E. and Dzikiti, L.N., 2009. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 80(1), pp.10-16.

Comparison of pharmacopuncture, aquapuncture and acepromazine for sedation of horses.
Luna, S.P., Angeli, A.L., Ferreira, C.L., Lettry, V. and Scognamillo-Szabo, M., 2008. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 5(3), pp.267-272.

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of acepromazine in horses.
Marroum, P.J., Webb, A.I., Aeschbacher, G. and Curry, S.H., 1994. American journal of veterinary research, 55(10), pp.1428-1433.

Monoamine oxidase active site; the binding to and titration of monoamine oxidase with (14C)-selective inhibitors.
Youdim, M.B., 1976. Proceedings: British journal of pharmacology, 56(3), p.375P.

Pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin in adult horses and concentration of the drug in serum, body fluids, and endometrial tissues after repeated intragastrically administered doses
Giguere, S., Sweeney, R.W. and Belanger, M., 1996. American journal of veterinary research, 57(7), pp.1025-1030.

Tolerability of orally administered enrofloxacin in adult horses: a pilot study

Pharmacokinetics, stability, and retrospective analysis of use of an oral gel formulation of the bovine injectable enrofloxacin in horses.
Epstein, K., Cohen, N., Boothe, D., Nieuwoudt, C. and Chandler, J., 2003. Veterinary therapeutics: research in applied veterinary medicine, 5(2), pp.155-167.

Combination of medical and surgical therapy for pleuropneumonia in a horse.
Dechan, J., 1997. The Canadian Veterinary Journal, 38(8), p.499.

Effect of long-term administration of an injectable enrofloxacin solution on physical and musculoskeletal variables in adult horses.
Bertone, A.L., Tremaine, W.H., Macoris, D.G., Simmons, E.J., Ewert, K.M., Herr, L.G. and Weisbrode, S.E., 2000. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association,217(10), pp.1514-1521.

Effect of the chronic systemic administration of an injectable enrofloxacin solution on physical, musculoskeletal, and histologic parameters in adult horses.
Bertone, A.L., Tremaine, W.H., Macoris, D.G., Simmons, E.J., Ewert, K.M. and Weisbrode, S.E., 1998. In Proc Am Assoc Equine Pract (Vol. 44, pp. 252-253).

Pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin administered intravenously and orally to foals.
Bermingham, E.C., Papich, M.G. and Vivrette, S.L., 2000. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 61(6), pp.706-709.

In vitro dose-dependent effects of enrofloxacin on equine articular cartilage.
Beluche, L.A., Bertone, A.L., Anderson, D.E., Kohn, C.W. and Weisbrode, S.E., 1999. American journal of veterinary research, 60(5), pp.577-582.

Uterine microbiology and antimicrobial susceptibility in isolated bacteria from mares with fertility problems.
Albihn, A., Båverud, V. and Magnusson, U., 2003. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 44(3), p.1.

Antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolated from various animals
Rubin, J.E., Ball, K.R. and Chirino-Trejo, M., 2011.. The Canadian Veterinary Journal, 52(2), p.153.

Current concepts in antimicrobial therapy for horses
Papich, M.G., 2001.. InProc. Am. Ass. equine Practnrs (Vol. 47, pp. 94-102).

Isolation of Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus in a two-year-old quarterhorse with chronic diarrhea of an undetermined etiology
Hurcombe, S.D., Fox, J.G. and Kohn, C.W., 2009.. Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation, 21(2), pp.266-269.

Serum concentrations and pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin after intravenous and intragastric administration to mares.
Haines, G.R., Brown, M.P., Gronwall, R.R. and Merritt, K.A., 2000. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, 64(3), p.171.

Nitrogen metabolism in mature horses at varying levels of work.
Freeman, D.W., Potter, G.D., Schelling, G.T. and Kreider, J.L., 1988. Journal of Animal Science, 66(2), pp.407-412.

The effect of dietary protein level on exercising horses.
Miller, P.A. and Lawrence, L.M., 1988. Journal of animal science, 66(9), pp.2185-2192.

Effect of protein source on nitrogen balance and plasma amino acids in exercising horses.
Graham-Thiers, P.M. and Bowen, L.K., 2011. Journal of animal science, 89(3), pp.729-735.

Pharmacology of anabolic steroids.
Kicman, A.T., 2008. British journal of pharmacology, 154(3), pp.502-521.

Using blood urea nitrogen to predict nitrogen excretion and efficiency of nitrogen utilization in cattle, sheep, goats, horses, pigs, and rats.
Kohn, R.A., Dinneen, M.M. and Russek-Cohen, E., 2005. Journal of Animal Science, 83(4), pp.879-889.

Novel Mass Spectrometric Analysis Methods for Anabolic Androgenic Steroids in Sports Drug Testing.
Leinonen, A., 2006.

Pharmacological comparisons of anabolic steroids (ethylestrenol, nandrolone esters).
Overbeek, G.A., Delver, A. and de Visser, J., 1962. Acta Endocrinologica, 39(3 Suppl), pp.S7-S17.

Relationship of nitrogen source to certain blood components and nitrogen balance in the equine.
Reitnour, C.M. and Treece, J.M., 1971. Journal of animal science, 32(3), pp.487-490.

Targeted metabolism and non-targeted plasma profiling in equine model
CHAN CHUN YONG, E.R.I.C., 2011.  (Doctoral dissertation).

Influence of dietary methionine concentration on growth and nitrogen balance in weanling Quarter Horses.
Winsco, K.N., Coverdale, J.A., Wickersham, T.A. and Shelton, J.L., 2011. Journal of animal science, 89(7), pp.2132-2138.

Nutrition and fuel utilization in the athletic horse.
Lawrence, L.M., 1990. The Veterinary clinics of North America. Equine practice, 6(2), pp.393-418.

Use of blood biochemistry for positive performance diagnosis of sport horses in practice.
Lindner, A., 2000. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire, 151(7), pp.611-618.

Prevalence and anthelmintic efficacy of Abamectin against gastrointestinal parasites in horses.
Mahfooz, A., Masood, M.Z., Yousaf, A., Akhtar, N. and Zafar, M.A., 2008. Pakistan Vet. J, 28(2), pp.76-78.

Mathematical modeling of the dynamic storage of iron in ferritin.
Salgado, J.C., Olivera-Nappa, A., Gerdtzen, Z.P., Tapia, V., Theil, E.C., Conca, C. and Nuñez, M.T., 2010. BMC systems biology, 4(1), p.147.

Proteinuria, GGT Index and Fractional Clearance of Electrolytes in Exercising Athletic Horses.
Scarpa, P., Di Fabio, V., Ramirez, C., Baggiani, L. and Ferro, E., 2007. Veterinary research communications, 31, pp.339-342.

In vitro susceptibility of Haemophilus equigenitalis, the causative organism of contagious equine metritis 1977, to antimicrobial agents.
Dabernat, H.J., Delmas, C.F., Tainturier, D.J. and Lareng, M.B., 1980. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 18(6), pp.841-843.

The selective toxicity of antimicrobial nitroheterocyclic drugs.
Edwards, D.I., Dye, M. and Carne, H., 1973. Microbiology, 76(1), pp.135-145.

Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of 230 Helicobacter pylori strains: importance of medium, inoculum, and incubation time.
Hartzen, S.H., Andersen, L.P., Bremmelgaard, A., Colding, H., Arpi, M., Kristiansen, J., Justesen, T., Espersen, F., Frimodt-Møller, N. and Bonnevie, O., 1997. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 41(12), pp.2634-2639.

Antimicrobial susceptibilities of equine isolates of Clostridium difficile and molecular characterization of metronidazole-resistant strains.
Jang, S.S., Hansen, L.M., Breher, J.E., Riley, D.A., Magdesian, K.G., Madigan, J.E., Tang, Y.J., Silva, J. and Hirsh, D.C., 1997. Clinical infectious diseases, 25(Supplement 2), pp.S266-S267.

Antitrichomonad action, mutagenicity, and reduction of metronidazole and other nitroimidazoles.
Lindmark, D.G. and Müller, M., 1976Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 10(3), pp.476-482.

Use of metronidazole in equine acute idiopathic toxaemic colitis.
McGorum, B.C., Dixon, P.M. and Smith, D.G.E., 1998. Veterinary record, 142, pp.635-638.

Mechanism of toxicity of nitro compounds used in the chemotherapy of trichomoniasis.
Moreno, S.N. and Docampo, R., 1985. Environmental health perspectives, 64, p.199.

Uptake of metronidazole and its effect on viability in trichomonads and Entamoeba invadens under anaerobic and aerobic conditions.
MÜller, M. and Lindmark, D.G., 1976. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 9(4), pp.696-700.

In vitro susceptibility of genotypically distinct and clonal Clostridium difficile strains to oritavancin.
O'Connor, R., Baines, S.D., Freeman, J. and Wilcox, M.H., 2008. Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 62(4), pp.762-765

Pharmacokinetics of metronidazole and its concentration in body fluids and endometrial tissues of mares.
Specht, T.E., Brown, M.P., Gronwall, R.R., Rib, W.J. and Houston, A.E., 1992. American journal of veterinary research,53(10), pp.1807-1812.

Pharmacokinetics of metronidazole in horses after intravenous, rectal and oral administration.
Steinman, A., Gips, M., Lavy, E., Sinay, I. and Soback, S., 2000. Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics,23(6), pp.353-357.

Pharmacokinetics of metronidazole given to horses by intravenous and oral routes.
Sweeney, R.W., Sweeney, C.R., Soma, L.R., Woodward, C.B. and Charlton, C.A., 1986. American journal of veterinary research, 47(8), pp.1726-1729.

Clinical use of metronidazole in horses: 200 cases (1984-1989).
Sweeney, R.W., Sweeney, C.R. and Weiher, J., 1991. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 198(6), pp.1045-1048.

Antimicrobial activity of metronidazole in anaerobic bacteria.
Tally, F.P., Goldin, B.R., Sullivan, N.A.D.I.N.E., Johnston, J.U.D.I.T.H. and Gorbach, S.L., 1978. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 13(3), pp.460-465.

Rational selection of antimicrobials for use in horses.
Wilson, W.D., 2001, November. In Proc AAEP (Vol. 47, pp. 75-93).

Local anesthetics as pain therapy in horses.
Doherty, T.J. and Seddighi, M.R., 2010. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice, 26(3), pp.533-549.

Comparison of hemodynamic effects of lidocaine, prilocaine and mepivacaine solutions without vasoconstrictor in hypertensive patients.
Ezmek, B., Arslan, A., Delilbasi, C. and Sencift, K., 2010. Journal of Applied Oral Science, 18(4), pp.354-359.

The use of lignocaine-prilocaine local anaesthetic cream for pain-free venepuncture in laboratory animals.
Flecknell, P.A., Liles, J.H. and Williamson, H.A., 1990. Laboratory Animals, 24(2), pp.142-146.

Comparison of articaine and prilocaine anesthesia by infiltration in maxillary and mandibular arches.
Haas, D.A., Harper, D.G., Saso, M.A. and Young, E.R., 1990. Anesthesia progress, 37(5), p.230.

Comparison of articaine and lidocaine used as dental local anesthetics.
Johansen, O., 2004. Project Thesis, pp.2-22.

Plasma concentration and local anesthetic activity of procaine hydrochloride following subcutaneous administration to horses.
Kuchembuck, N.L., Colahan, P.T., Zientek, K.D., Pirman, D.A., Wegner, K. and Cole, C.A., 2007. American journal of veterinary research, 68(5), pp.495-500.

Review of local anaesthetic agents.
McLure, H.A. and Rubin, A.P., 2005. Minerva anestesiol, 71(3), pp.59-74.





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